Green walls │ Living walls

Living walls are walls on which plants are planted vertically. Living wall structures can be free-standing or attached to a wall. They can be installed in an outdoor or indoor environment. Living walls or green walls are also known as vertical gardens, eco walls, plant walls, etc.

For erecting living walls or we use two different systems for green walls. We mostly use a hydroponic system for the external green walls, and a classic system for the internal ones, where the plants are planted in pots with soil. If you want to grow herbs, we recommend the IKO9 living wall module (500x500), which is made of high-quality aluminum plates and perforated aluminum nets. They can be assembled in parallel and in series, in any large area. The highest installed modules contain a dosing chute in the upper part, from which water flows evenly through all chambers of each individual module and through all further modules, up to the water collector with an outlet pipe and plug, which allows the user to easily drain excess water. Watering can be manual or automatic; direct watering or recirculated watering system. In the case of a larger system, we recommend a re-circulated watering system, in which an automatic water pump is installed in the water collector, which drains the water into the upper row of modules and flows from there again through the intermediate chambers. The excess water is finally collected again in the water reservoir and is available for re-watering.

In the offer of living walls or of green walls, we adapt the size of the system to the client's wishes, as well as the introduced method of watering and possible framing.

Designing a green wall that is diverse, interesting and simply a joy to look at is an extremely complex task. It requires strategic planning, in-depth knowledge of countless types of plants, a keen eye for design and a whole lot of creativity.

You choose the type of plants you want to plant in the interior green wall based on aesthetic wishes, taking into account the light conditions in the apartment, and the advice of our experts.


Air quality is an important factor in health and well-being. Plants are an extremely good natural filter and detoxifier.

These magical plant structures bring nature back into our urban environments. In built-up areas, where air pollution with carbon dioxide and other toxic particles is extremely high, nature helps us. A recent study on the effectiveness of green infrastructure to improve air quality in urban areas found that the presence of green walls reduces carbon dioxide (CO2) levels by more than 40% and particulate matter by as much as 60%. Optimal inclusion of vegetation creates an effective filter for pollution in cities and thus quickly and permanently improves air quality, and consequently the quality of our life.

A big problem of modern times is also the so-called syndrome of sick buildings. Homes, buildings and offices equipped with modern furniture are full of invisible toxic fumes such as formaldehyde, volatile organic compounds, trichlorethylene, carbon monoxide and benzene. A green wall effectively and permanently eliminates this problem.

Studies have further shown that looking at green plants increases workplace productivity, with indoor plants also reducing feelings of discomfort. Due to the overall better well-being of people in such a natural environment, living walls or green walls are also used to improve cognitive abilities, and in hospitals and other rehabilitation centers, as they significantly contribute to the improvement of patients' well-being, their health status and thus to faster recovery.

Frequently Asked Questions:

Are they suitable for construction?

The change in temperature affects the strength and stability of the wall of the building, as it causes expansion and contraction of the material, which can lead to cracks or disintegration of the material. The external green wall is available to us as optimal protection against temperature fluctuations, it protects the building from moisture by diverting water and moisture away from the wall, it also provides protection against UV radiation and serves as a sound insulator.

The life span of the living wall or green walls?

Living green walls belong to newer technologies and therefore their lifespan is difficult to predict. Research abroad has shown that the lifespan of system equipment, i.e. modules and watering systems, is up to 25 years, but it is difficult to predict the lifespan of individual plants.

The plants live in the green wall, with proper care, until the root system runs out of space, because then the plants are prevented from growing further. Then it is necessary to propagate the plant further by division, which rejuvenates the tired appearance of the plant and refreshes it. With this, the volume of the plant and its root system is reduced, and there is again enough space for further growth in the individual space of the module. Perennial plants could thus survive in the wall from five to ten years, whereby we have to repeat the dividing process to restore and rejuvenate the plants every few years, depending on the requirements of the individual plant species.

Growing and caring for plants in a green wall does not differ significantly from growing and caring for plants that we have planted at home in decorative pots.